When should you consider IVF?

Some couples have been trying for many years to have a baby, but with no success. The elders in the family encourage them on to keep trying. The common misconception is that if you keep trying something will happen at some time. Maybe your gynaecologist said that your reproductive organs are fine, so you believe that you can conceive naturally. But times have changed and people don’t wait around forever, they want quick answers and solutions.

There could be a number of different reasons associated with your inability to conceive. The first step is to identify the exact problem. The specialised doctors at a fertility clinic will conduct various tests and scans to get an exact diagnosis.

Some problems are minor and can be easily treated. This then enables the couple to conceive naturally and undergo a natural pregnancy. This is the best recourse and most fertility clinic doctors prefer to help couples with natural conception. The treatment in this case may involve some medication or minor surgical procedures.

Blocked fallopian tubes

Blocked fallopian tubes are a very common reason for infertility. 40% of infertile women suffer from blocked fallopian tubes. Many women who are unable to conceive find that they have some blockage in the fallopian tubes that is preventing them from conceiving. There are various kinds of fallopian tube blockages. Some may require minor surgery and others are sorted out through other medical procedures.

When you need IVF?

When either or both partners have fertility problems that cannot be rectified through medication or surgery, the doctor will advise IVF fertility treatment. Conditions such as low sperm count, low sperm motility, ovulation problems, poor quality eggs or other problems with the female reproductive organs would need IVF treatment. There are a variety of different IVF treatments that are carried out depending on the problem.

IUI

Males who suffer from low sperm count are usually unable to make their partner pregnant. An IVF procedure called intrauterine insemination is usually carried out where the sperm is washed and the healthy sperm are selected and inseminated into the female partner during ovulation.

ICSI

The Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection is when a healthy individual sperm is injected into a mature egg for fertilisation.

IVF

In vitro fertilisation treatment involves the fertilisation of the embryo in the lab. This embryo is then placed in the uterus.

Donor sperm or egg

Other IVF procedures involve the use of donor eggs or donor sperm, if either of the partners cannot produce quality sperm and egg. If both partners have fertility problems then a donor embryo can be used. This embryo is fertilised in the lab using donor eggs and donor sperm. The embryo is then placed in the patient’s uterus.

In the case where the female partner is not able to grow the embryo in her uterus due to health conditions, the couple may opt for surrogacy. Surrogacy can be done with their own embryo or using a donor egg or donor sperm or a donor embryo.

There are many IVF options available for couples with fertility issues. You should discuss your options with your doctor thoroughly before making a decision regarding the treatment.

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